Using modern examination and care procedures, it is easy to effectively treat problems and diseases of the stomach and intestines, if only action is taken in good time. Laboratory tests are used to find any inflammation, to exclude certain other diseases and detect certain types of tumour. There are grounds to examinate the colon if the patient is suffering from unexplainable diarrhoea, a sudden impairment of intestinal function or bloody faeces.
Endoscopy of the colon and rectum, colonoscopy, reveals conditions including inflammatory bowel diseases, diverticula, polyps, tumours and haemorrhoids.
To make the examination of the intestinal mucous membrane easier, the intestines should be emptied prior to the colonoscopy. Colonoscopy is dependant on a complete emptying of the intestines. In a colonoscopy, the complete colon is examined using a flexible colonoscope. Polyps, some of which may develop into cancer sooner or later, can also be removed in conjunction with the procedure. Biopsies, which can be studied in order to detect diseases that are not visible to the naked eye or to confirm the nature of visible changes, are also taken in conjunction with a colonoscopy.
Colonoscopy can be performed with pain relief or mild general anaesthetic (sedation).
The patient can return home as soon as the procedure is complete. If the procedure has been performed under a mild general anaesthetic, the patient wakes up in the hospital’s recovery room in one to two hours, after which it is beneficial to have someone to accompany them on the journey home.
Results from any biopsies taken will be available about two weeks after the procedure.
Time off work is not usually required.